They are vehicles that drive themselves from particular locations to already determined destinations with the use of sensors and little or no human effort.
Automated vehicles have a number of features. They include the following:
Thermal cameras distinguish between living and non-living beings with little use of infrared emissions. Thermal cameras work perfectly at night and in fog.
It gives precise information on the current and starting location as well as orientation of a vehicle. It requires no external information to function. Made up of accelerator and gyroscope. Accelerator text lineal measurements well gyroscope takes rotational acceleration measurements.
They detect the object distance and speed in relation to the vehicle. Short range radars permit lane-keeping assistance and parking aids. Long range radars can execute automatic brakes and distance control assistance.
It is a technology that enables vehicles to stay in their designated lanes or safely away from other vehicles. It provides the needed services for vehicle positioning and sensor integration.
The sensor calibration settings of automated vehicles keep them obeying traffic rules and maintaining efficient traffic. It is reported that 95% of motor accidents are caused by human error. Automated vehicles ensure that these arrows are cut down to a large extent.
Fully autonomous vehicles would be run solely on electric power. This is going to rid the environment of emissions which go a long way to pollute the atmosphere.
Due to its unique features such as the GPS system automated vehicles are able to navigate traffic in a faster way compared to driving completely with human observations.
It enables those with disabilities or physical challenges to drive around with less difficulty
The dependence of automated vehicles on computers and technology make them more prone to cyberattacks and hackers who may direct the vehicles where they want rather than where it was meant to go.
Causes of accidents will not be very clear ,compared to a non-autonomous vehicle. It will be difficult to determine whether it was an error on the part of the manufacturer, the passenger or as a result of a mechanical failure.
While artificial intelligence models are trained to the most accurate level, they may sometimes miss what is happening in real life scenarios. A simple object flying in the sky, which may not be dangerous, might be mistaken by the model as something harmful and will cause the vehicle to stop unnecessarily.
Automated vehicles rely on sensors to function. However, these sensors are sometimes unable to perfectly function in certain weather conditions.The sensors may receive the wrong signal and act accordingly,causing traffic confusions eventually.
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